The Engagement Subscale Epistemology was also significant predictor of the therapy style along the Engagement subscale, F(2, 1096) = , p < .001 (R 2 = .08). 245) for the rationalist epistemology, t(1096) = – 8.42, p < .001, was in the opposite direction compared to the significant standardized beta coefficient (? = 0.119) for the constructivist epistemology, t(1096) = 4.08, p < .001, along the Engagement subscale.
The Attentional Subscale Epistemology was also significant predictor of the therapy style along the Attentional subscale, F(2, 1096) = , p < .001 (R 2 = .18). The significant standardized beta coefficient (? = 0.396) for the rationalist epistemology t(1096) = , p < .001, was in the positive direction; whereas the significant standardized beta coefficient (? = –0.129) for the constructivist epistemology t(1096) = –4.12, p < .001, which was in the negative direction along the Attentional subscale. This supported the hypothesis that the rationalist epistemology has more of a leaning towards a narrow focus on the Attentional subscale, and the constructivist epistemology leans more towards a broad focus on the Attentional subscale.
The Operative Subscale Lastly, epistemology was a significant predictor of the therapy style along the Operative subscale, F(2, 1093) = , p < .001 (R 2 = .256). The standardized beta coefficient (? = 0.461) for the rationalist epistemology was significant, t(1093) = , p < .0001 and in the positive direction, compared to the significant standardized beta coefficient (? = –0.170), for the constructivist epistemology, t(1093) = –6.50, p < .0001, which was in the negative direction along the Operative subscale. This supported the hypothesis that the rationalist epistemology tends towards more planning on the Operative subscale and the constructivist epistemology tends towards more spontaneity on the Operative subscale.
So it offered the new theory that the rationalist epistemology tends to your good minimal degree of engagement towards Engagement subscale and also the constructivist epistemology seems into a greater amount of involvement toward Wedding subscale
Therefore, epistemology (rationalist vs. constructivist) try found to be a serious predictor off cures style. Particularly, the quintessential robust conclusions render provisional service for the insight that there are particular variations in the personal kind of the new counselor depending on the therapists’ epistemic assumptions. Much more especially, the modern investigation discovered that therapists which have rationalist epistemologies tended on even more length, a lower life expectancy degree of involvement, an effective narrower attention, and you will a heightened amount of think in their instructions having members, while, new constructivist epistemology tended for the with a greater standard of closeness, a heightened standard of engagement, a greater attention, and love of life in their cures instruction. Additionally, there clearly was some assistance for the belief you to definitely therapists which have constructivist epistemologies tend on the latest guidance out of liberty rather than rigidity in the their therapy build; yet not this was perhaps not an exceptionally solid in search of in the present analysis.
These results are useful in terms of the newest potentially intrinsic differences maintained of the rationalist as opposed to constructivist epistemologies predicated on medication layout. Much more especially, newest conclusions contain the sense that cognitive-behavioural treatments, and this show the best depiction of one’s rationalist epistemology, manage an “active-directive” and systematic method of treatment (Granvold, 1988) which have certain goals regularly plan the course of your example (Mahoney Lyddon, 1988).
Hypothesis dos-Epistemology Has an effect on the brand new Healing Dating
With regards to the second theory-therapists which have rationalist epistemologies commonly score large to your Activity and you will Mission subscales minimizing toward Bond subscale as compared to constructivist epistemologies-other multiple linear regression model try conducted to decide in case the exact same predictor varying (specialist epistemology) carry out influence therapists’ critiques of your own standard variables (doing work alliance) centered on therapists’ an incredible number of around three subscales-Activity, Purpose, and you can Bond.